Tottenville High School

Mr. John Tuminaro, Principal

Mr. John Scognamiglio, Asst. Principal, Social Studies

AdvancedPlacement

European History

Homework assignments

Textbook: History of the Modern World, Palmer and Colton.

Mr. Goldman, Teacher

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All homework must be submitted via email.

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Homeworks must be in my mailbox by midnight of the due date. For due dates check calendar.

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Late homeworks will be accepted however there will be a reduction of the homework grade.

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Name and homework number must appear in the subject line of the email.

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Discussion questions should be answered in a brief but complete essay. Check out sample homework.

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Here are some practice questions to help you prepare for exams.

Homework Numbers

Click on number or scroll down.

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,

33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,52A,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,

60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,

89,90,91,92,93,94

Homework #1

Reading: I. The Rise of Europe. 1. Ancient Times: Greece, Rome, and Christianity, pp. 9 - 17.

Discussion Question: What is the modern world?

Identify the following:

Indo-European

Parthenon

Herodotus

Christianity

Homework #2

Reading: I. The Rise of Europe. 2. The Early Middle Ages: The Formation of Europe, pp. 17-26.

Discussion question: Describe the interaction of the three types of civilizations of the Early Middle Ages.

Identify the following:

Barbarians

Constantinople

Islam

Charlemagne

Homework #3

Reading: I. The Rise of Europe. 3. The High Middle Ages: Secular Civilization, pp. 26-35.

Discussion question: Compare characteristics of the High Middle Ages with the classical world.

Identify the following:

serfdom

feudalism

burghers

Hanse

Homework #4

Reading: I. The Rise of Europe. 4. The High Middle Ages: The Church, pp. 35-45.

Discussion question: Describe the roles of religion in Western (Latin) Europe during the High Middle Ages.

Identify the following:

celibacy

lay investiture

transubstantiation

scholasticism

Homework #5

Reading: II. The Upheaval in Christendom, 1300-1560. 5. Disasters of the Fourteenth Century, pp. 46-53.

Discussion question: Describe the effects of the disasters of the 14th century.

Identify the following:

Wat Tyler

Babylonian Captivity

John Wycliffe

indulgences

Homework #6

Reading: II. The Upheaval in Christendom, 1300-1560. 6. The Renaissance in Italy, pp. 53-62.

Discussion question: Explain the new conception of life that the Renaissance created.

Identify the following:

Petrarch

Lorenzo Valla

Pico della Mirandola

Niccolo Machiavelli

The Medici

Homework #7

Reading: II. The Upheaval in Christendom, 1300-1560. 7. The Renaissance outside Italy, pp. 62-67.

Discussion question: Compare the two Renaissances.

Identify the following:

Dr. Faust

lay religion

Gerhard Groote

Erasmus of Rotterdam

Praise of Folly

Homework #8

Reading: II. The Upheaval in Christendom, 1300-1560. 8. The New Monarchies, pp. 67-75.

Discussion question: Describe the causes of the consolidation of power in new monarchies.

Identify the following:

reconquista

Inquisition

Charles V

Mohacs

Homework #9

Reading: II. The Upheaval in Christendom, 1300-1560. 9. The Protestant Reformation, pp. 75-87.

Discussion question: Describe the three streams that contributed to the rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church.

Identify the following:

Leo X

John Calvin

Thomas More

Act of Supremacy

Homework #10

Reading: II. The Upheaval in Christendom, 1300-1560. 10. Catholicism Reformed and Reorganized, pp. 87-93.

Discussion question: Describe the Council of Trent and the changes it brought to the Roman Catholic Church.

Identify the following:

ex cathedra

the Vulgate

Index of Prohibited Books

the Jesuits

Homework #11

Reading: III. Economic Renewal and Wars of Religion, 1560-1648. 11. The Opening of the Atlantic, pp. 106-114.

Discussion question: Describe the reorientation of Europe with the opening of the Atlantic.

Identify the following:

Vasco da Gama

Frances Xavier

encomienda

Petosi

Homework #12

Reading: III. Economic Renewal and Wars of Religion, 1560-1648. 12. The Commercial Revolution, pp. 114-120.

Discussion question: Describe the price revolution and its causes.

Identify the following:

inflation

Johan Fugger

usury

mercantilism

Homework #13

Reading: III. Economic Renewal and Wars of Religion, 1560-1648. 13. Changing Social Structures, pp. 120-126.

Discussion question: Describe and compare the social classes of Early Modern Western and Eastern Europe.

Identify the following:

bourgeoisie

Junkers

robot

yeomanry

Homework #14

Reading: III. Economic Renewal and Wars of Religion, 1560-1648. 14. The Crusade of Catholic Spain: The Dutch and England, pp. 126-134.

Discussion question: Explain the decline of Spanish power in Europe.

Identify the following:

Philip II

siglo de oro

Don Quixote

Union of Utrecht

Homework #15

Reading: III. Economic Renewal and Wars of Religion, 1560-1648. 15. The Disintegration and Reconstruction of France, pp. 134-140.

Discussion question: Explain the effects of the Huguenot movement in France.

Identify the following:

politique

Edict of Nantes

St. Bartholomew's Day

Cardinal Richelieu

Homework #16

Reading: III. Economic Renewal and Wars of Religion, 1560-1648. 16. The Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648: The Disintegration of Germany, pp. 140-149.

Discussion question: Describe the causes of the Thirty Years' War.

Identify the following:

defenestration of Prague

White Mountain

Gustavus Adolphus

Staaten system

Homework #17

Reading: IV. The Establishment of West-European Leadership. 17. The Grand Monarque and the Balance of Power, pp. 160-163.

Discussion question: Explain the concept of balance of power.

Identify the following:

Louis XIV

Charles II of Spain

William III

holding the balance of power

Homework #18

Reading: IV. The Establishment of West-European Leadership. 18. The Dutch Republic, pp. 163-169.

Discussion question: Explain the designation Dutch Golden Age for the 17th century Netherlands.

Identify the following:

Spinoza

Arminius

stadholder

Navigation Act

Homework #19

Reading: IV. The Establishment of West-European Leadership. 19. Britain: The Puritan Revolution, pp. 169-176.

Discussion question: Explain Oliver Cromwell's rise to power.

Identify the following:

Charles I

ship money

Long Parliament

The Rump

Homework #20

Reading: IV. The Establishment of West-European Leadership. 20. Britain: The Triumph of Parliament, pp. 176-182.

Discussion question: Describe the triumph of Parliament after the Restoration.

Identify the following:

The Restoration

Charles II

Toleration Act of 1689

Glorious Revolution

Homework #21

Reading: IV. The Establishment of West-European Leadership. 21. The France of Louis XIV, 1643-1715: The Triumph of Absolutism, pp. 182-190.

Discussion question: Compare the theory and practice of absolutism.

Identify the following:

Fronde

Bossuet

Colbert

Jansenism

Homework #22

Reading: IV. The Establishment of West-European Leadership. 22. The Wars of Louis XIV, The Peace of Utrect, pp. 190-197.

Discussion question: Explain the changes brought by the Peace of Utrecht.

Identify the following:

League of Augsburg

War of Spanish Succession

Grand Alliance of 1701

pistol pointed at the heart of England

asiento

Homework #23

Reading: V. The transformation of Eastern Europe, 1648-1740. 23. Three Aging Empires, pp. 210-221.

Discussion question: Explain the designation Republic for Poland.

Identify the following:

capitulations

Yiddish

szlachti

janissaries

power vacuum

Homework #24

Reading: V. The transformation of Eastern Europe, 1648-1740. 24. The Formation of the Austrian Monarchy, pp. 221-226.

Discussion question: Explain the obstacles to a Habsburg Austrian Empire.

Identify the following:

Prince Francis Rakoczy

Pragmatic Sanction

Maria Theresa

Crown of St. Stephen

Homework #25

Reading: V. The Transformation of Eastern Europe, 1648-1740. 25. The Formation of Prussia, pp. 226-234.

Discussion question: Describe the rise of Prussian military power and compare it to the militaries of other continental powers.

Identify the following:

militarism

Brandenburg

Junkers

Frederick William I

Homework #26

Reading: V. The Transformation of Eastern Europe, 1648-1740. 26. The Westernizing of Russian, pp. 234-245.

Discussion question: Describe the steps taken by Peter the Great to westernize Russia.

Identify the following:

Duma

Romanovs

Stephen Raza

St. Petersburg

Homework #27

Reading: V. The Transformation of Eastern Europe, 1648-1740. 27. The Partitions of Poland, pp. 245-249.

Discussion question: Describe the effects of the partitions of Poland.

Identify the following:

Catherine II

King Stanislas Poniatowski

Thaddeus Koscuisko

Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji

Homework #28

Reading: VI. The Struggle for Wealth and Empire. 28. Elite and Popular Cultures, pp. 250-256.

Discussion question: Compare elite and popular cultures in Europe during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

Identify the following:

alchemy

carnival

the world turned upside down

folklore

necromancy

Homework #29

Reading: VI. The Struggle for Wealth and Empire. 29. The Global Economy of the Eighteenth Century, pp. 257-264.

Discussion question: Describe the social consequences of new wealth in Western Europe.

Identify the following:

domestic system

Five Great Farms

calico

plantation

Homework #30

Reading: VI. The Struggle for Wealth and Empire. 30. Western Europe after Utrecht, pp. 264-273.

Discussion question: Explain Britain's financial superiority over France.

Identify the following:

Jacobites

Bonnie Prince Charlie

John Law

Bubble Act

Robert Walpole

Homework #31

Reading: VI. The Struggle for Wealth and Empire. 31. The Great War of the Mid-Eighteenth Century: The Peace of Paris, 1763, pp. 273-285.

Discussion question: Explain the causes and effects of the reversal of alliances.

Identify the following:

Frederick the Great

Maria Theresa

German dualism

Count Kaunitz

Treaty of Paris

Homework #32

Reading: VII. The Scientific View of the World. 32. Prophets of a Scientific Civilization: Bacon and Descartes, pp. 286-292.

Discussion question: Describe the effects of the Scientific Revolution.

Identify the following:

Instauratio Magna

induction

cogito ergo sum

Discourse on Method

 

Homework #33

Reading: VII. The Scientific View of the World. 33. The Road to Newton: The Law of Universal Gravitation, pp. 293-300.

Discussion question: Describe and explain the achievement of Newton.

Identify the following:

Vesalius

Harvey

calculus

Newcomen

Homework #34

Reading: VII. The Scientific View of the World. 34. New Knowledge of Man and Society, pp. 300-307.

Discussion question: Explain the effect the new sense of evidence had on historical scholarship.

Identify the following:

Pierre Bayle

Jean Mabillon

John Locke

Edmund Halley

Homework #35

Reading: VII. The Scientific View of the World. 35. Political Theory: The School of Natural Law, pp. 307-313.

Discussion question: Describe the connection between scientific thought and political theories of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.

Identify the following:

Thomas Hobbes

The Prince

Hugo Grotius

century of genius

Homework #36

Reading: VIII. The Age of Enlightenment. 36. The Philosophes - and Others, pp. 314-326.

Discussion question: Explain the ways the eighteenth century was an age of faith as well as reason.

Identify the following:

the Encyclopedie

Montesquieu

Voltaire

Rousseau

Homework #37

Reading: VIII. The Age of Enlightenment. 37. Enlightened Despotism: France, Austria, Prussia, pp. 326-336.

Discussion question: Describe the ways enlightened despostism was both the same and different than the old despotism.

Identify the following:

Maupeou

Turgot

Joseph II

Frederick the Great

Homework #38

Reading: VIII. The Age of Enlightenment. 38. Enlightened Despotism: Russia, pp. 336-342.

Discussion question: Explain the extent to which Catherine the Great was an enlightened despot.

Identify the following:

Emelian Pugachev

Greek Project

chattel slavery

Potemkin villages

Homework #39

Reading: VIII. The Age of Enlightenment. 39. New Stirrings: The British Reform Movement, pp. 342-351.

Discussion question: Describe the undercurrents of discontent that contributed to the British Reform Movement.

Identify the following:

John Wilkes

Major John Cartwright

Volunteer Companies

Act of Union of 1801

Homework #40

Reading: VIII. The Age of Enlightenment. 40. The American Revolution, pp. 351-360.

Discussion Question: Describe the consequences of the American Revolution for Europeans.

Identify the following:

Revenue Act of 1764

Quebec Act

Common Sense

Duke de la Rochefoucauld

Homework #41

Reading: IX. The French Revolution. 41. Backgrounds, pp. 361-365.

Discussion Question: Describe the social order of the Old Regime.

Identify the following:

eminent property rights

feudal reaction

banalites

collective rights

Homework #42

Reading: IX. The French Revolution. 42. The Revolution and the Reorganization of France, pp. 365-378.

Discussion Question: Describe the financial problems of the French monarchy in 1789.

Identify the following:

Great Fear of 1789

Jacobins

refractory clergy

Girondins

Homework #43

Reading: IX. The French Revolution. 43. The Revolution and Europe: The War and the Second Revolution, pp. 378-384.

Discussion Question: Discuss the international implications of the Revolution.

Identify the following:

emigres

Commune of Paris

September Massacres

Marseillaise

Homework #44

Reading: IX. The French Revolution. 44. The Emergency Republic, 1792-1795: The Terror, pp. 384-392.

Discussion Question: Discuss the ways the Terror may have both advanced and undermined Revolutionary ideals.

Identify the following:

sans-culottes

the Mountain

enrages

the Thermidorian Reaction

Homework #45

Reading: IX. The French Revolution. 45. The Constitutional Republic: The Directory, 1795-1799, pp. 393-398.

Discussion Question: Explain the weaknesses of the Directory.

Identify the following:

Council of Ancients

Louis XVIII

Cisalpine Republic

Fructidorian Government

Abbe Sieyes

Homework #46

Reading: IX. The French Revolution. 46. The Authoritarian Republic: The Consulate, 1799-1804, pp. 398-415.

Discussion Question: Discuss the extent to which the Consulate continued in the spirit of the Revolution.

Identify the following:

plebiscite

Joseph Fouche

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand

the Concordat

the Arch of Triumph

Homework #47

Reading: X. Napoleonic Europe. 47. The Formation of the French Imperial System, pp. 417-425.

Discussion Question: Explain the cycle Napoleon had run at his peak between 1809 and 1811.

Identify the following:

Alexander I

Trafalgar

Metternich

Marie Louise

Homework #48

Reading: X. Napoleonic Europe. 48. The Grand Empire: Spread of the Revolution, pp. 425-431.

Discussion Question: Describe the reforms Napoleon brought to the Grand Empire.

Identify the following:

Grand Duchy of Warsaw

Joseph Bonaparte

Madame Mere

Confederation of the Rhine

Homework #49

Reading: X. Napoleonic Europe. 49. The Continental System: Britain and Europe, pp. 431-434.

Discussion Question: Explain the Continental System and its ultimate failure.

Identify the following:

modern Carthage

Berlin Decree of 1806

Order in Council

War of 1812

Homework #50

Reading: X. Napoleonic Europe. 50. The National Movements: Germany, pp. 435-441.

Discussion Question: Explain Napoleon’s contribution to national movements.

Identify the following:

romanticism

volksgeist

J. G. Herder

J. G. Fichte

Baron Stein

Homework #51

Reading: X. Napoleonic Europe. 51. The Overthrow of Napoleon: The Congress of Vienna, pp. 441-452.

Discussion Question: Describe the European continent created by the Congress of Vienna.

Identify the following:

Battle of Leipzig

Fontainebleau

Lord Castlereagh

The Hundred Days

Homework #52

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. 52. The Industrial Revolution in Britain, pp. 453-463.

Discussion Question: Describe social consequences of industrialization in Britain.

Identify the following:

enclosure acts

Richard Arkwright

James Watt

Manchester School

dismal science

Homework #52A

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. Picture Essay: Early Industrialization and Social Classes, pp. 533-541.

Discussion Question: Discuss the extent to which the Industrial Revolution agreed with the modern concept of progress.

Identify the following:

Eiffel Tower

Peterloo Massacre

Chartists

Crystal Palace

Homework #53

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. 53. The Advent of the Isms, pp. 463-474.

Discussion Question: Compare nationalism in Western Europe with nationalism in Eastern Europe.

Identify the following:

romanticism

liberalism

socialism

humanitarianism

Homework #54

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. 54. The Dike and the Flood: Domestic, pp. 474-477.

Discussion Question: Describe the Poland created by the Congress of Vienna and its domestic consequences.

Identify the following:

Burschenschaft

Carlsbad Decrees

Six Acts

Cato Street Conspiracy

Homework #55

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. 55. The Dike and the Flood: International, pp. 477-484.

Discussion Question: Explain the failure of the congress system.

Identify the following:

the protocol of Troppau

Alexander Ypsilanti

Monroe Doctrine

The Decembrist Revolt

Homework #56

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. 56. The Breakthrough of Liberalism in the West: Revolutions of 1830-1832, pp. 484-495.

Discussion Question: Describe the causes and effects of The July Revolution.

Identify the following:

Eugene Delacroix

The Reform Bill of 1832

Ten Hours Act

Daumier

Homework #57

Reading: XI. Reaction Versus Progress, 1815-1848. 57. Triumph of the West-European Bourgeoisie, pp. 495-499.

Discussion Question: Describe the changes in Europe brought by the bourgeois age.

Identify the following:

Louis Blanc

Charter of 1838

working class

stake in society theory

Homework #58

Reading: XII. Revolution and the Reimposition of Order, 1848-1870. 58. Paris: The Specter of Social Revolution in the West, pp. 500-507.

Discussion Question: Compare the 1848 revolution to the revolution of 1789.

Identify the following:

July Monarchy

February Revolution

June Days of 1848

Louis Napoleon

Homework #59

Reading: XII. Revolution and the Reimposition of Order, 1848-1870. 59. Vienna: The Nationalist Revolution in Central Europe and Italy, pp. 507-514.

Discussion Question: Explain the effects of nationalism in the Austrian Empire of 1848.

Identify the following:

Louis Kossuth

Pius IX

Syllabus of Errors

Count Jellachich

Homework #60

Reading: XII. Revolution and the Reimposition of Order, 1848-1870. 60. Frankfurt and Berlin: The Question of a Liberal Germany, pp. 514-519.

Discussion Question: Explain the obstacles in the path of German unification in 1848.

Identify the following:

German dualism

Great Germans

Little Germans

forty eighters

Homework #61

Reading: XII. Revolution and the Reimposition of Order, 1848-1870. 61. The New Toughness of Mind: Realism, Positivism, Marxism, pp. 519-527.

Discussion Question: Describe the origins of Marx’s ideas.

Identify the following:

Realism

Positivism

metaphysical

Realpolitik

Homework #62

Reading: XII. Revolution and the Reimposition of Order, 1848-1870. 62. Bonapartism: The Second French Empire, 1852-1870, pp. 527-531.

Discussion Question: Compare Napoleon III to his famous uncle.

Identify the following:

Baron Haussmann Le Chapelier Law

Credit Mobilier Saint-Simonian socialism

Homework #63

Reading: XIII. The Consolidation of Large Nation States, 1859-1871. 63. Backgrounds: The Idea of the Nation State, pp. 542-546.

Discussion Question: Explain the meaning of nation state, illustrating with specific examples.

Identify the following:

Crimean War

Romania

Piedmont

Florence Nightingale

Homework #64

Reading: XIII. The Consolidation of Large Nation States, 1859-1871. 64. Cavour and the Italian War of 1859: The Unification of Italy, pp. 546-551.

Discussion Question: Describe the obstacles that were overcome to unify the Italian peninsula.

Identify the following:

Camille di Cavour

doctrine of nationalities

Victor Emmanuel II

irredentism

Homework #65

Reading: XIII. The Consolidation of Large Nation States, 1859-1871. 65. Bismarck: The Founding of a German Empire, pp. 551-559.

Discussion Question: Describe the role German philosophy played in the creation of the second German Reich.

Identify the following:

Schleswig-Holstein

Seven Weeks’ War

Lassallean socialism

Ems dispatch

Homework #66

Reading: XIII. The Consolidation of Large Nation States, 1859-1871. 66. The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, pp. 559-561.

Discussion Question: Describe the results of the creation of the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.

Identify the following:

Ausgleich

Francis Joseph

Magyars

Slavs

Homework #67

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 71. The Civilized World, pp. 583-587.

Discussion Question: Describe and critique the ways people understand the term civilized world.

Identify the following:

Isaac Taylor

inner zone

outer zone

Train in the Snow

Homework #68

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 72. Basic Demography: The Increase of Europeans, pp. 587-595.

Discussion Question: Explain the causes and effects of declining birthrate beginning in mid-nineteenth century Europe.

Identify the following:

European family pattern

smallpox

demography

protectionism

Homework #69

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 73. The World Economy of the Nineteenth Century, pp. 595-605.

Discussion Question: Explain the significance of foreign investment for Great Britain, France, and Germany in the late nineteenth century.

Identify the following:

new industrial revolution

balance of payments

gold standard

acceptance house

Homework #70

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 74. The Advance of Democracy: Third French Republic, United Kingdom, German Empire, pp. 605-618.

Discussion Question: Explain the survival of the Third French Republic despite a number of severe crises.

Identify the following:

Dreyfus Affair

Queen Victoria

Reform Bill of 1832

Ulstermen

Homework #71

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 75. The Advance of Democracy: Socialism and Labor Unions, pp. 618-625.

Discussion Question: Analyze the rise of the European trade union movement and socialism in the latter half of the nineteenth century.

Identify the following:

new model unionism

revisionist socialism

revolutionary socialism

Mensheviks

Homework #72

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 76. Science, Philosophy, the Arts, and Religion, pp. 625-637.

Discussion Question: Explain the impact of darwinism.

Identify the following:

Gregor Mendel

ex cathedra

Rerum Novarum

The Interpretation of Dreams

Homework #73

Reading: XIV. European Civilization, 1871-1914. 77. The Waning of Classical Liberalism, pp. 637-641.

Discussion Question: Explain the decline of classical liberalism.

Identify the following:

National System of Political Economy

Reflections on Violence

new liberalism

forcible feeding

Homework #74

Reading: XV. Europe’s World Supremacy. 78. Imperialism: Its Nature and Causes, pp. 642-650.

Discussion Question: Analyze the economic and political differences between the new imperialism at the end of the nineteenth century and earlier phases of European imperialism.

Identify the following:

Imperialism, the Highest Stage of World Capitalism

Joseph Chamberlain

mission civilisatrice

Commonwealth of Nations

Homework #75

Reading: XV. Europe’s World Supremacy. 84. The Russo-Japanese War and Its Consequences, pp. 681-682.

Discussion Question: Describe the consequences of the Russo-Japanese War.

Identify the following:

Port Arthur

Mukden

Tsushima Strait

Portsmouth

Homework #76

Reading: XVI. The First World War. 85. The International Anarchy, pp. 695-706.

Discussion Question: Describe three of the long-term social, political or economic causes of World War I.

Identify the following:

first Balkan crisis

second Balkan crisis

South Slavs

Black Hand

Homework #77

Reading: XVI. The First World War. 86. The Armed Stalemate, pp. 706-712.

Discussion Question: Describe the diplomatic maneuvers both sides made during the war.

Identify the following:

Schlieffen Plan

Moltke

contraband

T. E. Lawrence

Homework #78

Reading: XVI. The First World War. 87. The Collapse of Russia and the Intervention of the United States, pp. 712-717.

Discussion Question: Explain the effects of the collapse of Russia in 1917.

Identify the following:

Brest-Litovsk

Zimmerman telegram

Passchendale

Caporetto

Chateau-Thierry

Homework #79

Reading: XVI. The First World War. 88. The Collapse of the Austrian and German Empires, pp. 717-718.

Discussion Question: Explain the Germany army’s feeling that it had been stabbed in the back.

Identify the following:

Charles I

Ludendorff

Weimar Republic

William II

 

Homework #80

Reading: XVI. The First World War. 89. The Economic and Social Impact of the War, pp. 718-722.

Discussion Question: Explain the relationship between the war and capitalism.

Identify the following:

Walter Rathenau

propaganda

rationalization

profiteers

Homework #81

Reading: XVI. The First World War. 90. The Peace of Paris, 1919, pp. 722-731.

Discussion Question: Describe Woodrow Wilson’s influence on the Peace of Paris in 1919.

Identify the following:

Big Four

cordon sanitaire

war guilt clause

mandates

Homework #82

Reading: XVII. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. 91. Backgrounds, pp. 732-741.

Discussion Question: Compare the French Revolution of 1789 with the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Identify the following:

mirs

kulaks

populists

Leninism

Homework #83

Reading: XVII. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. 92. The Revolution of 1905, pp. 741-746.

Discussion Question: Explain the effects of Stolypin’s reforms in Russia.

Identify the following:

Bloody Sunday

soviets

October Manifesto

Pravda

Homework #84

Reading: XVII. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. 93. The Revolution of 1917, pp. 746-754.

Discussion Question: Explain Lenin’s plan to win over soldiers, peasants and workers.

Identify the following:

Rasputin

Alexander Kerensky

Cheka

Leon Trotsky

Homework #85

Reading: XVII. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. 94. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, pp. 754-762.

Discussion Question: Explain the Soviet approach to problems posed by the many different nationalities within their union.

Identify the following:

NEP

Supreme Soviet

Politburo

Leningrad

Homework #86

Reading: XVII. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. 95. Stalin: The Five-Year Plans and the Purges, pp. 762-772.

Discussion Question: Describe Engels’ metaphor for the socialist state.

Identify the following:

Gosplan

Stakhanov

Serge Kirov

1936 trials

Homework #87

Reading: XVII. The Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. 96. The International Impact of Communism, 1919-1939, pp. 772-776.

Discussion Question: Explain the difference between revisionist Marxism and Bolshevism with regard to international communism.

Identify the following:

Zimmerwald program

Comintern

Cominform

Twenty-One Points

Homework #88

Reading: XVIII. The Apparent Victory of Democracy. 97. The Advance of Democracy after 1919, pp. 777-783.

Discussion Question: Describe the self-defeating effect of the balkanization of Europe after World War I.

Identify the following:

Marc Chagall

land reform

Baltic states

Admiral Horthy

Homework #89

Reading: XVIII. The Apparent Victory of Democracy. 98. The German Republic and the Spirit of Locarno, pp. 783-788.

Discussion Question: Explain the difficult middle position of the Social Democrats in Germany.

Identify the following:

Spartacists

Rapallo

Locarno

Dawes Plan

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Homework #90

Reading: XVIII. The Apparent Victory of Democracy. 100. The Great Depression: Collapse of the World Economy, pp. 799-804.

Discussion Question: Explain the agricultural problems that contributed to the Great Depression.

Identify the following:

flight from the pound

Hawley-Smoot

margin

Creditanstaldt

Homework #91

Reading: XIX. Democracy and Dictatorship. 102. Trials and Adjustments of Democracy in Britain and France, pp. 805-806; 810-818.

Discussion Question: Explain the rise and fall of the Popular Front in Depression-Era France.

Identify the following:

Red Letter

Sinn Fein

Raymond Poincare

Leon Blum

Homework #92

Reading: XIX. Democracy and Dictatorship. 103. Italian Fascism, pp. 818-822.

Discussion Question: Explain the affluent, Italian capitalist acceptance of fascism and Mussolini.

Identify the following:

fasces

squadristi

Matteotti

March on Rome

Homework #93

Reading: XIX. Democracy and Dictatorship. 104. Totalitarianism: Germany’s Third Reich, pp. 822-833.

Discussion Question: Describe the differences between Soviet and Nazi dictatorship.

Identify the following:

Matthias Erzberger

Mein Kampf

Nuremberg laws

Beer Hall Putsch

Homework #94

Reading: XX. The Second World War. 105. The Weakness of the Democracies: Again to War, pp. 834-843.

Discussion Question: Explain the international significance of the Spanish Civil War.

Identify the following:

Maginot Line

Anschluss

Munich Crisis

revisionist powers

Homework #95

Reading: XX. The Second World War. 106.The Years of Axis Triumph, pp. 843-851.

Discussion Question: Describe the geographic extent of Nazi Germany’s empire.

Identify the following:

Blitzkrieg

Vichy France

Four Freedoms

Scorched earth

Homework #96

Reading: XX. The Second World War. 107. The Western – Soviet Victory, pp. 852-860.

Discussion Question: Explain the Turning of the Tide.

Identify the following:

Stalingrad

Festung Europa

The Holocaust

Hiroshima